Thursday, June 11, 2009

The rules of trup, pg viii

The Rules of Trup by Wolf Heidenheim continues. See previous segment. Here, he begins chapter four, he discusses disjunctive trup (taamim) which follow identical trup one after another, distinguishing them from those which do not. The text of his work follows:

Chapter IV
Regarding the division of the taamim to those which are chased and those which are not chased.

These taamim are divided. One group in which one in which one is chased after its fellow, and the other one without chasing. Those from which chasing is held back from are six:
  1. Teres
  2. Telisha
  3. Revia
  4. Tipcha
  5. Etnachta
  6. Silluk
And those which are chased are six:
  1. Pazer
  2. Yetiv (and included in it is Pashta)
  3. Zakef, whether Gadol or Katon
  4. Legarmeih
  5. Tevir
  6. Zarka
And there are among them in which two run and no more, and some in which three run, and some which more run.

The Pazer chases one after its fellow from two until five, while six or seven is not found. But there is one instance in Scriptures in which eight chase, and this is (Divrei Hayamim 1 15:18)
וְעִמָּהֶ֖ם אֲחֵיהֶ֣ם הַמִּשְׁנִ֑ים זְכַרְיָ֡הוּ בֵּ֡ן וְיַֽעֲזִיאֵ֡ל וּשְׁמִֽירָמ֡וֹת וִֽיחִיאֵ֣ל ׀ וְעֻנִּ֡י אֱלִיאָ֡ב וּבְנָיָ֡הוּ וּמַֽעֲשֵׂיָ֡הוּ וּמַתִּתְיָהוּ֩ וֶאֱלִ֨יפְלֵ֜הוּ וּמִקְנֵיָ֨הוּ וְעֹבֵ֥ד אֱדֹ֛ם וִֽיעִיאֵ֖ל הַשֹּֽׁעֲרִֽים

And where two chase, such as (Yehoshua 8:14):
וַֽיְמַהֲר֡וּ וַיַּשְׁכִּ֡ימוּ

And where three chase, such as (Divrei Hayamim I 25:4)
לְהֵימָ֑ן בְּנֵ֣י הֵימָ֡ן בֻּקִּיָּ֡הוּ מַתַּנְיָ֡הוּ

And where four chase, such as (Divrei Hayamim I 15:24)
וּשְׁבַנְיָ֡הוּ וְיֽוֹשָׁפָ֡ט וּנְתַנְאֵ֡ל וַֽעֲמָשַׂ֡י

And where five chase, such as (Nechemiah 12:36)
וְֽאֶחָ֡יו שְֽׁמַעְיָ֡ה וַֽעֲזַרְאֵ֡ל מִֽלְלַ֡י גִּֽלְלַ֡י

And those in which three, and no more, chase, are Zakef and Zarka.


anon1 said...

Probably too late for this year (though I would still read it next week) but any thoughts on the trop of the word SHOtu vs. shoTU (11:8). The minchas shai quotes both and I have hears some standard stuff on this but you always seem to have an interesting angle on these things. Thanks and good shabbos.

joshwaxman said...

thanks for the question!
i have my response here:



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