Wednesday, June 03, 2009

The rules of trup, pg vii

The Rules of Trup by Wolf Heidenheim continues. See previous segment. He concludes why pasek is neither mesharet nor melech, and begins chapter three, where he divides the taamim (=melachim) into three groups. The text of his work follows:

(and it is a pasek, and is therefore enumerated among the peseikim which are enumerated in the Maareches {=Maareches Heidenheim, another work by this author}, Erech 81 (?), and like it is its felow (Tehillim 85:9)
אֶשְׁמְעָ֗ה מַה־יְדַבֵּר֮ הָאֵ֪ל ׀ יְה֫וָ֥ה
with a pasek, it as well is in order to divide between the two holy names, and this is the cause of pasek, as will be explained later on in the gate of pasek, and there is no parallel cause for a munach legarmeih.

But in all the mesharetim you will find a pasek coming with them. Therefore it is not enumerated with the taamim {=melachim}, nor with the mesharetim, for it does not hold back a dagesh from coming after in, when it comes between {the matres lectiones} ehevi and {the plosive/fricative consonants} beged kefet.

Chapter III
Regarding the division of the melodies of the taamim into three camps

Know that these twelve taamim are divided into three divisions.
  • The first group lifts up the voice and carries it up {?}, and they are the Pazer, Telisha, and the Teres.
  • And the second group are munach {resting?}, and they are the Yetiv (and among them the pashta), the Zakef, and Etnachta -- their count is three if the trup sign is accompanied by a final melech in the word.
  • And the third's division is illui, and they are the remainder of the taamim; with the exception of the tipecha and silluk, that if they are with the last melech on the word, they return to the division of munach.

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