Monday, May 18, 2009

The rules of trup, pg ii

The Rules of Trup by Wolf Heidenheim continues. He continues his quote of Taamei Hamikra by Rabbi Y. ben Bilaam, discussing the names and number of the trup. For the forms of these trup, see how they appear on the Hebrew side. Also, see previous segment here.

the three books, which are Iyov, Mishlei, and Tehillim, whose trup is different from the rest of the books) are 12. And these are their names:

1) Pazer: And it has two faces, one called Pazer Gadol {Great Pazer}, and it is Karnei Parah {the horns of the cow}, (and in masorah they call it Ofan vaAgalah), and Pazer Katan {Little Pazer} (and there are those who call it Mar'ish).

2) Telisha Gedolah

3) Teres, and it has two forms, one of which is a single stroke on the letter which stretches from right to left, and this is what is called Geresh (and there are those who call this Azla, while they call Azla which is a mesharet {conjunctive rather than disjunctive accent} a Kadma; and the other one with two strokes, and this is what is called Gershayim, or two Gereshes.

4) Yetiv, and it also has two forms. The first appears like an inverted shofar {what we commonly call Yetiv, not to be confused with the mesharet called mahpach}, and the second is a stroke above which stretches from left to right. And they call the form of the inverted shofar below a Yetiv, and the call the stroke above a Pashta. And as we bring the differences in form, we will explain later on their place. {For the Pashta may be distinguished from a Kadma, or Azla if you will, by location in the word; and the same to distinguish a Yetiv from a mahpach.}

5) Zakef: It, too is twins. The one is the Zakef Katon, and its form is two dots vertically upon the letter, and the other is the Zakef Gadol, and its form is {the same} two dots and a single stroke vertically on their left.

6) Etnachta*:
*There are those who call it choneh {?}. and some sichfa {"a turning over"}, also sa'afa {Wickes calls this a misprint} as well as chaspa.

2 comments:

baal diqduq said...

That's teres, with a samech (related to teris, a shield).

joshwaxman said...

thanks!

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