Thursday, June 23, 2011

Minchas Shai on קריאי

Summary: Continuing going through Minchas Shai on Korach.

Post: The second pasuk in Korach:

2. They confronted Moses together with two hundred and fifty men from the children of Israel, chieftains of the congregation, representatives of the assembly, men of repute.ב. וַיָּקֻמוּ לִפְנֵי מֹשֶׁה וַאֲנָשִׁים מִבְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל חֲמִשִּׁים וּמָאתָיִם נְשִׂיאֵי עֵדָה קְרִאֵי מוֹעֵד אַנְשֵׁי שֵׁם:

In Minchas Shai:
"In Codex Hilleli: קראי, in Yerushalmi, קריאי plene, end quote. And in all the sefarim is written קראי deficient, and so is darshened in the Sefer HaZohar and in the Baal HaTurim. And so darshens R' Tuvya in his Pesikta {=Lekach Tov}, parashat Bemidbar. And so is in the Masoret, 'two -- one is plene and one is deficient; this is is deficient'. The intent is to say that there are two similar words in the matter of calling (קריאה), which have the start of them with a chirik. And the plene one is דתן and אבירם the קרואי העדה of parashat Pinchas, and even though it is written there קרואי with a vav, we read it as קריאי with a yud. But the קריאי העדה of parashat Bemidbar is the opposite, with קריאי written and קרואי read, as I write there. And to the three is does not come. And this is the intent of another manuscript masoret, which states 'קראי are two, and the mnemonic is דתן ואבירם קראי מועד אנשי שם'. And the intent is that two are equal in their reading, as we have said, while in plene and deficient, it does not address at all. And in all this, it works out well, with no contradiction on one another."

I suppose if he had not interpreted this other manuscript masorah in this manner, but rather as speaking of plene and deficient spelling, it would have been a contradiction to other masorot and sefarim.

The Zohar darshens it as follows:
10. The higher Holiness is known AS ABA AND IMA ABOVE, and the lower Holiness is the wisdom of Solomon, MEANING MALCHUT, which also summons all her legions TO SANCTIFY THEM WITH HER HOLINESS. These legions are all invited to be adorned in this lower Holiness at a time when a festival prevails in the world. As her legions are standing above IN ATZILUT SUMMONED BY MALCHUT, so are the appointed of the nation, MEANING THE CHIEFTAINS OF YISRAEL, according to her example below, IN THIS WORLD. Therefore, it is written as: "summoned to the congregation (Heb. mo'ed)," and of those below it is written, "summoned (Heb. kri'ei) to the congregation"; "Kriei" is missing a Yud. However, they are then in increased wholeness.

And the Baal HaTurim darshens it:
קראי  חסר  יוד שעברו על י' הדברות

In other words, they are chaser, missing, a yud, because they are missing the ten commandments which they violated.

And in the Pesikta of Rav Tuvya we read, in parashat Bamidbar, on Bamidbar 1:16:

אלה קריאי העדה ,  ביו״ד כתיב מלמד שכלם היו צדיקים והם היו בנתינת
 עשרת הדברות .  שהרי בויקח קרח (במדבר טז) קריאי מועד חסר יו׳׳ד על
 שהיו רשעים

This parallel to the Baal HaTurim's derasha.

(The Samaritan Torah is malei, but what does that mean? The consistently fix the text, so this is no proof.)

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