Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Vayakhel sources -- 2012 edition

by aliyah
rishon (Shemot 35:1)
sheni (35:21)
shlishi (35:30)
revii (36:8)
chamishi (36:20)
shishi (37:17)
shevii (38:1)
maftir (38:18)
haftara, according to Italian and Sefardic practice (I Melachim 7:13)
haftara, according to Ashkenazic practice (I Melachim 7:40)

by perek
perek 35 ; perek 36 ; perek 37 ; perek 38

Judaica Press Rashi in English and Hebrew (France, 1040 - 1105) -- ואני לא באתי אלא לפשוטו של מקרא ולאגדה המיישבת דברי המקרא, דבר דבור על אופניו
Chizkuni (13th century, commentary written about 1240)-- see Jewish Encyclopedia 

Shadal (1800-1865) -- see Wikipedia entry:
  1. In plain text  here , though not encoding some of the trup and nikkud, and omitting certain references to non-Jewish scholars.
  2. In Google book form  here , but with all that was omitted above. Also, with Shadal's Italian translation of the Chumash text.
  3. Mishtadel, an earlier and shorter commentary
  4. In determining the correct girsa of Targum Onkelos,  Ohev Ger

Daat -- with Rashi, Ramban, Seforno, Ibn Ezra, Rashbam, Rabbenu Bachya, Midrash Rabba, Tanchuma+, Mechilta, Gilyonot.
Gilyonot Nechama Leibovitz (Hebrew -- see Wikipedia

Rav Yonasan Eibeshitz (1690-1764) -- see Wikipedia entry:
  1. Tiferes Yehonasan
  2. Chasdei Yehonasan -- not until Shemini  -- chiddushim and pilpulim on midrashim, Toras Kohanim, Sifrei, and Rashi al haTorah. With supercommentary of R' Yaakov Goldshlag.
  3. Toldos Yitzchak Acharon, repeated from Rav Yonasan Eibeshitz
  4. Divrei Yehonasan -- discussing halacha and aggada together, interpreting difficult midrashim
  5. Nefesh Yehonasan -- commentary on midrashim and pilpulim + Tanchuma, and suygot in Shas connected to each parsha.
  6. Midrash Yehonasan -- on difficult midrashim

Even Shleimah -- from Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Ehrenreich
R' Saadia Gaon(882-942) -- see Wikipedia entry:
  1. Arabic translation of Torah,   here  at Temanim.org. This is a beautiful PDF, with the Chumash text, Rashi, Onkelos, and Rav Saadia's Tafsir. All of these have nikkud, which is a very nice feature. It also designates the Temani and standard aliyah breaks, and two commentaries, Shemen HaMor and Chelek HaDikduk, on the kriyah, trupnikkud, and dikduk, on the basis of Yemenite manuscripts, which would be worthwhile even absent the other features. Quite excellent, overall.
  2. The same Arabic translation, the Tafsir,  here at Google books. No nikkud, Chumash text, Rashi, or Onkelos. But there is a brief supercommentary by Yosef Direnburg at the bottom of each page. 
  3. Collected commentary of Saadia Gaon on Torah, selected from the writings of various Rishonim and from his commentaries on other works.
Rashbam (and here(France, 1085-1158) -- see Wikipedia
Don Yitzchak Abarbanel (Portugal, Italy, 1437-1508) -- see Wikipedia entry -- there is a section on his exegesis
Torah Temimah (and in English - Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein (Lithuania, 1860-1941) -- see Wikipedia entry -- "a commentary on the Torah and the Five Megillot citing all quotes of a particular verse in the Oral Torah (Talmud or Midrash), and giving textual explanations."
Kli Yakar (and here-- Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim ben Aaron Luntschitz (Lenczyk, Lublin, Lvov, (1550 – 1619). See Wikipedia.
Zohar, with English translation
Baal HaTurim (Germany, Spain, 1269-1343) -- see Wikipedia entry:
  1. Baal Haturim - short, consisting of gematriot and the like
  2. Baal Haturim (HaAruch), consisting of perushim, often drawn from Ramban
  3. Torat Hatur -- when the Tur (in his halachic work) cites pesukim from this parasha. Not very helpful, IMHO
Ibn Janach  (Spain, 990-1050) -- see Wikipedia entry
Rabbenu Ephraim France, 12th and 13th century) -- see Jewish Encyclopedia entry --  "He was the author of "Perush 'al ha-Torah," which consists chiefly of gemaṭria and "noṭariḳon." He largely followed Eleazar of Worms."

Rabbi Yosef Ibn Caspi -- (Provence, Egypt and elsewhere, 1279-140) -- A pashtan and rationalist Jewish philosopher. References Rambam, Ibn Ezra, and Abarbanel. He also focuses on dikduk and trup. See Wikipedia.
  1. Ibn Caspi -- in Mishneh Kesef, volume 2 -- a running commentary with generally short comments on pesukim, though with occasional long discourses.
  2. Ibn Caspi - Tirat Kesef -- not until Vayikra -- lengthy discourses on philosophical points raised in the parsha.
  3. His supercommentary on Ibn Ezra, different from his commentary   (here and here) -- not until Vayikra -- explaining the sodot of Ibn Ezra

Ralbag (France, 1288 - 1344) -- medieval Jewish philosopher. See Wikipedia
Dubno Maggid -- Lithuania, 1740 - 1804) -- see Wikipedia entry. Ohel Yaakov, "a homiletic commentary on the Pentateuch abounding with graphic parables"
Imrei Shafer, Rav Shlomo Kluger (Poland, Galicia, 1783-1869)
Ateret Zekeinim Rabbi Aryeh Leib Consiger {?} 
Mei Noach -- R' Noach Koenigsburg
Arugat HaBosem -- R' Moshe ben R' Amram Greenwald (Ukraine, 1853-1910), student of Ksav Sofer. See Wikipedia entry.
R' Yosef Bechor Shor  (France, 12th century). See Wikipedia entry. Student of Rabbenu Tam. "Even more than Rashi, to whose exegetical school he belonged, he confined himself to literal interpretations (peshat). Anticipating later Biblical criticism, he assumed the presence of duplicate narratives in the Bible, and he strove to give rational explanations to the miraculous stories."
Meiri -- not until Vayikra -- (Catalan, 1249 – 1310) -- see Wikipedia entry. This is a collected commentary, culled from his other works.
Ibn Gabirol -- not until Kedoshim (Spain, 1040-1058) -- see Wikipedia
Rabbenu Yonah -- not until Vayikra -- (Catalan, died 1263) -- see Wikipedia
Seforno (Italy, 1475-1550) -- see Wikipedia entry

Gra (Lithuania, 1720-1797) -- see Wikipedia entry
  1. Aderet Eliyahu
  2. Kol Eliyahu - not until Shemini
Mipninei Harambam -- an analysis of the parsha, beginning with relevant citations from Rambam's Mishneh Torah and proceeding with a bit of analysis of the same.
Sefer Zikaron of Ritva -- not until Vayikra (Spain, 1250–1330) -- see Wikipedia entry

Malbim (1809-1879) -- Wikipedia entry
  1. Malbim, Eretz Chemda -- a running commentary on the parsha, based on the Midrash
  2. Malbim - haTorah veHamitzvah -- "analytical and innovative commentary on the Pentateuch and the midrash halakha (Warsaw, 1874–80), including the linguistic guide Ayelet ha-Shachar on differences between similar terms in Hebrew"
Chiddushei HaGriz -- The Brisker Rov (1886-1959) -- Wikipedia
Noam Elimelech -- not until Pekudei -- Rabbi Elimelech of Lyzhansk (1717-1787) -- Wikipedia
Michlal Yofi  -- Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Melech (Fez, Constantinople, 1548) -- "a learned compiler of the older, grammatical exegetes" -- primarily Radak-based.
Nesivot Hashalom   -- "containing interpretations according to both the ordinary sense and the mystical method of the Zohar" -- Rabbi Avraham Sabba (Spain, Portugal, 1440-1508) -- see Wikipedia
Gutnick Edition Chumash
Tzror Hamor
R' Eleazer miGermayza -- not until Pekudei - that is, of Worms. The Rokeach. (1176-1238). See Jewish Encyclopedia entry. This is a collection from his various works, put to the parsha.
 Tanach with He'emek Davar -- Netziv - (Russia, Poland, 1816-1893) -- see Wikipedia 
Nachalas Yaakov -- R' Yaakov ben Yaakov Moshe of Lissa (Poland, 1760-1832) -- see Wikipedia
Divrei Emes -- Chozeh mi-Lublin (Poland, 1745-1815) -- see Wikipedia
Ramchal (Italy, 1707-1746) -- see Wikipedia
Or Hameir, R' Zev Wolf of Zhitomir (d. 1797)
Alshich (Turkey, Safed, 1508-1593) -- see Wikipedia
Chida  (Israel, but traveled around Europe, 1724-1806) -- see Wikipedia
Akedat Yitzchak -- not until Pekudei -- Rabbi Yitzchak Arama (Spain, 1420-1494) -- see Wikipedia
Melo HaOmer -- R. Aryeh Leib b. Moses Zuenz (1773-1883)
Baalei Bris Avraham  -- Rabbi Abraham ben Mordechai Azulai (c. 1570–1643). See Wikipedia 
Rav Chaim Vital (1543-1620) -- see Wikipedia
Rav Yosef Karo  (1488-1575) -- see Wikipedia 

Chasam Sofer (1762-1839) -- see Wikipedia entry
  1. Derashos Chasam Sofer 
  2. Chasam Sofer al HaTorah

Tziuni -- (Mid-15th century kabbalist) -- see Jewish Encyclopedia
Rikanti (Italy, 1250-1310) -- see Wikipedia
Daat Soferim - Rav Chaim Dov Rabinowitz (Lithuania, Israel, 1909–2001) -- see Wikipedia entry, which also describes the character of the work
Divrei Yaakov
Rabbi Yehoshua Ibn Shoiv, a student of the Rashba
Maharsham -- Techeilet Mordechai -- Techeilet Mordechai -- Rabbi Sholom Mordechai Schwadron(1835–1911) -- see Wikipedia entry
Mat'amei Yitzchak (his son, Rabbi Yitzchak Schwadron)    
Hamidrash veHamaaseh (Rabbi Yechezkel Lifshitz of Plotsk, 1901?)
Maaseh Shoshan (R' Asher Shoshan)
Toras Chesed
Meshech Chochma (Rabbi Meir Simcha of Dvinsk, 1843–1926) -- Wikipedia
Kli Chemdah -- R' Meshulam Yissachar Halevi Ish Horowitz (Tysmienica, Ukraine, 1804-1888)
Kli Chemdah -- R' Meir Dan Plotsky (Poland, 1866 - 1928) -- Wikipedia
Yalkut David (Chaim Dov Friedberg, Galicia, 1870-1961) -- Wikipedia
Yalkut Yehuda (R' Yehuda Leib Ginsberg, Russia, Denver, 1885-1946) -- Wikipedia
Birkas Avraham (R' Avraham Albert, current)
Damesek Eliezer (R' Eliezer Zussman Sofer, Hungary, 1839-1903) -- Wikipedia
Maggid Mishnah -- R' Menashe Klein Hungary, US, 1924-2011) -- Wikipedia

Rabbi Moshe Rubenstein, current
  1. Parperet Moshe 
  2. Parperet Torah
Or Gedalyahu (R' Gedalya Schorr, Poland, US, 1910 – 1979) -- Wikipedia
Chazon Yechezkel (R' Yechezkel Abramsky, Russia, London, 1886 – 1976) -- Wikipedia
Torah Or -- not until Bemidbar -- Baal HaTanya -- R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi (Poland, Lithuania, Russia, 1745 – 1812) -- Wikipedia 
Taamei HaMitzvos -- Radvaz (see index to advance) (1479 - 1573) -- Wikipedia
Pirkei Torah  -- R' Mordechai Gifter (US, 1915 - 2001) -- Wikipedia
Or HaChaim -- R' Chaim ibn Attar (Morocco, 1696, Israel, 1743)-- Wikipedia
Kesef Nivchar, R' Avi Ezri Zelig Margolis (printed 1712) 
Kesef Nivchar, R' Yoshiyahu ben Yosef Pinto (printed Venice, 1621)
Mat'amei Yaakov, R' Yaakov Fish, current
Pachad David, R' David Pinto, and his website with parsha
Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, by perek, by parsha -- (US,1934-1983) -- see Wikipedia entry
Megaleh Amukos -- not until Vayikra -- Rabbi Natan Neta Shapira, 1584-1633 -- don't confuse with his grandfather of the same name -- see Wikipedia entry 
Petach haOhel, R' David Abuchatzeia, (1865-1929)   
Rechovot HaNahar, R' Zev Wolf Tannenbaum (Hungary, 1787-1873)
Patshegen HaDat, Rabbi Yitzchak Eliyahu Landa, the Maggid of Vilna (1781-1877)
Torat Maharitz, R' Yosef Tzvi Duskinsky, Slovakia, Israel, (1865-1948) -- Wikipedia
Torato shel Shem, R' Shlomo Michel Neches, US, early 1900s
Birchas Yitzchak -- not until Vayikra, R' Yitzchak Horowitz, Melitzer Rebbe (d. 1975)
Likutei Basar Likutei, R' Shmuel Alter (20th century)
Meir Einei Yesharim, R' Meir Schwartzman, collected by R' Shmuel Alter
Vayakhel Moshe, collected and ordered by R' Moshe Hakohen Gordon, printed 1955
Tzemach David, R' David Hakohen ben Akiva Rappaport, 1890-1941
Nesivos Shmuel, R' Shmuel Kushelevitz, d. 1963
Yismach Yisrael, R' Yisrael Rabinowitz, printed 1966
Oshar Aharon, R' Aharon Wolenitz, printed 1958
Mesilos Chaim, R' Chaim Elezeri, printed 1956
Otzar Derushim Nivcharim, R' Yehuda David Eisenstein, (Poland, US, 1854–1956)--Wikipedia
Toras Chaim, R' Meir Blumenfeld 
Otzar Taamei Chazal
Darkei Chaim -- R' Yitzchak Landa, Rav in Canton, Ohio, printed 1968
Beis Yaakov, R' Yaakov Tzvi Rabinowitz
Irin Kadishin -- not until Vayikra, R' Yisroel Friedman, Der Heiliger Ruzhiner, Ukraine, 1976-1850 -- Wikipedia
Ach Pri Tevuah, R' Tzvi Hirsch Friedman, The Lisker Rebbe, d. 1874 -- Wikipedia
Toldos Yaakov Yosef, R' Yaakov Yosef of Polonia, student of the Baal Shem Tov, 
Shaar HaPesukim - R' Chaim Vital -- (1543-1620) -- see Wikipedia entry
Shmeina Lachmo, R' Uziel Meisels
Chesed LeAvraham, R' Chaim Leiberson -- not until Pekudei
Toldos Noach -- R' Aharon HaKohen of Apta, late 18th century
Toldos Aharon, R' Yisrael ben Eliezer, printed in Lvov, 1865
Birkas Yosef, R' Baruch Yosef Zack
Imrei Yoel, R' Yoel Herzog, France, early 20th century
Nachlas Tzvi, Meshulam Gross, Hungary, US (1863–1947)-- Wikipedia
Chamudei Tzvi, R' Tzvi Hirsch ben Yair
Ksav Sofer, Rabbi Shmuel Sofer, son of Chasam Sofer, Hungary, 1815 - 1871 -- Wikipedia
Yodei Bina, R' Yosef Teomim -- not until Vayikra
Rav Chaim Kanievsky:

Kedushas Levi -- R' Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev
Gan Raveh -- R' Hanoch Henich Ersohn
Pardes Yosef -- R' Yoseph Pazanovski (Poland; d. 1930)
Naftali Seva Ratzon -- R' Naftali Hertz Ginsberg (Poland?, 1707)
Bad Kodesh (R' Baruch Fuvarsky, Rosh Yeshiva in Ponovitch)
Zichron Aharon -- not until Vayikra
R' Yosef ben David Ben Amram:
Toldos Yitzchak  -- Rabbi Yitzchak Karo, uncle of the Mechaber (Toledo, Spain -- Yerushalayim, 1458-1535) -- Wikipedia
A different Birkas Avraham

Me'at Devash

Peer Yaakov
Or HaTorah

Ohel Moshe
Vayavinu Bamikra

The following meforshim at JNUL. I've discovered that if you click on the icon to rotate sideways, change to only black and white, select only the portion which is text, it is eminently readable on paper.
Ralbag (pg 186)
Chizkuni (85)
Abarbanel (222)
Shach (142)
Yalkut Reuveni (pg 111)
Sefer Hachinuch (pg 37)
Aharon ben Yosef the Karaite (136)

Daat, Rashi In Hebrew (perek 35)
Judaica Press Rashi in English and Hebrew
MizrachiMizrachi (on Rashi, 146)
Gur Aryeh (Maharal of Prague) -- and here
Berliner's Beur on Rashi
Commentary on Rashi by Yosef of Krasnitz
R' Yisrael Isserlin (on Rashi, 10)
Two supercommentaries on Rashi, by Chasdai Almosnino and Yaakov Kneizel
Rav Natan ben Shishon Shapira Ashkenazi (16th century), (JNUL, pg 89)
Mohar`al -- not until Vayikra
Yeriot Shlomo (Maharshal)
Moda L'Bina (Wolf Heidenheim)
Dikdukei Rashi
A different Dikdukei Rashi
Mekorei Rashi (in Mechokekei Yehuda)
Nachalas Yaakov
Medayek HaRashi
Prachei Rashi
Pi Habe'er on Mizrachi
Baalei HaTosafot al HaTorah
Nimukei Rashi
Ho'il Moshe
Sefer Zikaron - R' Avraham Bakrat
Maskil LeDavid
Devek Tov

  1. Ktav Yad of Rashi  (Rome, 1470) 
  2. Another Ktav Yad  -- Rashi and other Rishonim (Munich, 1233) 
  3. And yet another Ktav Yad  (Cod Hebr 3) 

Be'er Basadeh
Be'er Yitzchak
Tiferes Yosef
Or Hachama
Nimukei Shmuel
Otzar Laazei Rashi
Ateres Rashi + Laazei Rashi, as well as Perushim Ketzarim
Ateres HaMikra (same author)
Revid Hazahav and Geresh Carmel, the latter as a supercommentary on Rashi
Also see Mikraos Gedolos above, which has Rashi with Sifsei Chachamim

Daat, Ramban in Hebrew (perek 35)
R' Yitzchak Abohav's on Ramban (standalone and in a Tanach opposite Ramban)
Rabbi Meir Abusaula (student of Rashba)

ibn ezra
Daat, Ibn Ezra in Hebrew (perek 35)
Mechokekei Yehudah (Daat)
Mechokekei Yehudah (HebrewBooks)
R' Shmuel Motot (on Ibn Ezra, pg 34)
Ibn Kaspi's supercommentary on Ibn Ezra, different from his commentary (here and here) -- not until Vayikra
Mekor Chaim, Ohel Yosef, Motot
Ezra Lehavin
Mishneh LeEzra
Also see Mikraos Gedolos above, which has Ibn Ezra with Avi Ezer

Targum Onkelos opposite Torah text
Targum Onkelos and Targum Pseudo-Yonatan in English
Another translation of Targumim to English 

  1. Shadal's Ohev Ger 
  2. Berliner 

In Ohev Ger, Shadal refers to certain chumashim/meforshim, with their differentnuschaos of Onkelos:
  1. Chumash with Onkelos, dfus Savyonita, 1557 
  2. Sefer Yud Alef Resh 

Bei`urei Onkelos
Or Hatargum on Onkelos
Commentary on Targum Yonatan and Targum Yerushalmi
Targum Shomroni
Samaritan Torah
R' Bentzion Berkowitz:

  1. Lechem veSimlah, containing Lechem Abirim, which is based on R' Eliyahu Bachur dictionary of Targum called Meturgeman and Shadal's Ohev Ger, discussing different nuschaot of Onkelos; and Simlas Ger, discussing the meanings of Onkelos's choice of translation, as he received from his Tannaitic teachers.
  2. Chalifot Semalot, as a followup, I think mostly to his Simlas Ger
  3. Avnei Tzion  -- two commentaries on Onkelos, adding to R' Natan Adler's Netina LaGer.
  4. Also, Oteh Or Kesalma, on Onkelos, but not organized by parsha
Sarati Bamedinot -- on Targum Yonatan
Nesina LaGer, Rabbi Nosson Adler -- with tables of corrections at the end of the volume
Masoret haTargum, with added commentary by Shadal

Taamei Masoret -- not until Vayikra
Rama (but based on alphabet, not parsha) -- and here
Vetus Testamentum
CD Ginsburg
Minchat Kohen
Taamei Hamesorah -- not until Tazria
Via JNUL, the following Chumashim. Perhaps use them when considering the discussions of the Minchas Shai 
  1. Here -- statistics:
    תנ"ך. תורה. רמ"ב. בולוניה

    [בולונייא : דפוס יוסף בן אברהם קרוויטה ; אברהם בן חיים מן הצבועים, רמ"ב].
  2. Here -- statistics
    תנ"ך. תורה. ר"ן. אישר
    [אישאר : דפוס אליעזר בן אברהם אלאנתנסי, לפני ר"ן].
  3. Lisbon, 1491 -- not until Vayikra

Midrash Rabba at Daat (35)
Midrash Tanchuma at Daat (35)
Shemot Rabba, with commentaries
Midrash Tanchuma with commentary of Etz Yosef and Anaf Yosef
Commentary on Midrash Rabba by R' Naftali Hirtz b'R' Menachem -- not until Pekudei
Matat-Kah on Midrash Rabba
Yalkut Shimoni
Lekach Tov
Kli Chemdah on Shmos Rabba
Tirosh on Shemot Rabba (parasha 48)   

haftarah (I Melachim 7:13)
In a separate Mikraos Gedolos (Rashi, Radak, Ralbag, Minchat Shai, Targum, Metzudat Tzion)
Also at Google books, a Mikraos Gedolos:
Rashis in English
Daat, with Yalkut ShimoniGilyonot,  and Radak
Sefer Melachim with Ralbag and Radak (JNUL, pg 33, right side)
Abarbanel (pg 221, left)
Kli Yakar (pg 403, left)
Aharon ben Yosef the Karaite (pg 31)

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